Time and Space in Digital Game Storytelling, by Huaxin Wei, Jim Bizzocchi, and Tom Calvert.
Abstract: The design and representation of time and space are important in any narrative form. Not surprisingly there is an extensive literature on specific considerations of space or time in game design. However, there is less attention to more systematic analyses that examine both of these key factors—including their dynamic interrelationship within game storytelling. This paper adapts critical frameworks of narrative space and narrative time drawn from other media and demonstrates their application in the understanding of game narratives. In order to do this we incorporate fundamental concepts from the field of game studies to build a game-specific framework for analyzing the design of narrative time and narrative space. The paper applies this framework against a case analysis in order to demonstrate its operation and utility. This process grounds the understanding of game narrative space and narrative time in broader traditions of narrative discourse and analysis.
“A Song for Viggo’s” is an narrative art game that explores the grief, depression and guilt of a parent who accidentally kills his son. Developer Simon Karlsson writes: “Your goal is to maintain everyday life, despite the tragic circumstances. Be there for your daughter. Put food on the table. Do the dishes. Keep your marriage together. The struggles are of a psychological, rather than mechanical, nature. There is only one puzzle. It’s called life”.
Apart from the courageous approach to such a difficult and mature theme, it will be interesting to examine which strategies for narrative and game dynamics will be included in this piece.
A Song for Viggo’s is currently being crowdfunded at https://www.kickstarter.com/projects/109042642/a-song-for-viggo-a-game-made-of-paper-unfolding-de
Game writer Daniel Bernhoff talks about how can we use game narratives to raise awareness on real-world discrimination. In his blog post Project Temporality and real-life oppression he writes: “I’m very concerned about how fascist parties all over Europe gain popularity by portraying immigrants and their descendants as faceless, alien hordes, how refugees drown by the hundreds in the Mediterranean because no country lets them enter port, and how anti-gay laws in Russia and other countries all over the world are used by governments to redirect the discontent of the citizens towards minorities”.
Read Daniel’s whole post at: http://gamasutra.com/blogs/DanielBernhoff/20140305/212326/Project_Temporality_and_reallife_oppression.php Continue reading
Tale of Tales, the studio responsible for the great The Graveyard and The Path, is working on Sunset, an exploration game that puts you in the role of a nosy housekeeper. Being the person taking care of the house is an interesting narrative twist. As the housekeeper, you look after an apartment belonging to someone involved in the war that has broken out around you.
The game is currently being funded on kickstarter. Read the full piece on http://kotaku.com/a-game-about-war-with-no-guns-because-youre-the-housek-1592315384/+patriciahernandez
Meghan Blythe Adams, PhD candidate at the University of Western Ontario, writes: “Death in the game is a rupture not merely of the narrative of the game or the experience of play, but the player’s fundamental identification as player-character. Player-death meant to function both punitively and educationally models this conscious separation through various degrees of spectacle and even partially relies on it in order to function”. In her paper Spectacular Mortality, she analyzes the intersections of death, the spectacle, punishment and education in games today.
Read the full paper at http://www.firstpersonscholar.com/spectacular-mortality/
Curtain is a lo-fi narrative about destructive relationships by indie developer llaura dreamfeel. It takes about 20 to 30 minutes to complete, and it is available for Win/Mac/Linux with a pay-what-you-want formula.
Danielle Riendeau writes on Polygon: “Curtain is less a cautionary tale and more a cathartic exploration of a terrible, complex situation. It’s real-life horror, with a “monster” that’s infinitely more complicated and human than anything in fiction”.
Get the game at http://dreamfeel.itch.io/curtain and read the piece on Polygon at http://www.polygon.com/2014/9/12/6136433/curtain-indie-game-abuse
Game writer Chris Dahlen blogged: “Players recall stories from other media without any trouble. But when it came to games, they got lost somewhere after the beginning. They missed big events, and forgot key plot points. Gamers still need a sense of mission and an emotional attachment. Games can hook us with characters, as well as tone, atmosphere, a strong premise, and even a great loading screen. But of all the elements of storytelling that we can use, plot is one of the weakest”.
How can we solve this issue from the point of view of game narrative? Read the full article at http://www.polygon.com/2014/4/25/5647136/video-game-stories-plot
Andrew Kennedy blogs on The Future of Storytelling: “By all indications, 1979 Revolution, the episodic action/adventure game set during the turbulent 1979 Iranian Revolution, is shaping up to be one of the standouts of the “golden age of narrative-driven gaming.” Slated for a spring 2015 release, the game’s development has been a labor of love for the entire team at NYC-based iNK Stories and its cofounders, Navid and Bessie Khonsari”.
Read the full preview at http://futureofstorytelling.org/1979-revolution/
Elegy for a Dead World is a game that puts a new and interesting twist on narrative as a game mechanic. Instead of following a scripted story, the game quite literally ask players to write it while following some cues. From the website: “In Elegy for a Dead World, you travel to distant planets and create stories about the people who once lived there. Three portals have opened to uncharted worlds. Earth has sent a team of explorers to investigate them, but after an accident, you are the sole survivor. Your mission remains the same: survey these worlds and write the only accounts of them that outsiders will ever know”.
The game is available now at http://www.dejobaan.com/elegy/
Thanks Mauro Salvador / Dotventi for finding this gem!
Talking Writing is an online magazine for professional writers. John Michael Bell writes there: “A decade ago, film critic Roger Ebert famously said this interactive aspect of games prevented them from being art. […] In 2014, the best narrative games challenge Ebert’s claim that “serious film and literature” demand “authorial control.” Narrative video games run the gamut from first-person shooters to role-playing games that involve more than blasting another alien to very un-video-game-like stories such as Gone Home. Just as novels were once a new a form of storytelling that included a character’s inner life, narrative games have transformed author-controlled plots with player interaction.”
Read the full article at http://talkingwriting.com/are-video-games-new-novel